UK Chancellor George Osborne announces major cuts to CCS
UK Chancellor George Osborne announces major cuts to CCS

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COP21: Calls for action at the end of hottest year on record

The critical climate change conference in Paris is due to kick off next week, and so everyone important is weighing in right about now.

In an interview with the BBC, the head of the World Bank outlined his Africa Climate Business Plan, a $16 billion fund to help Africa adapt to climate change.

French president Hollande has issued a plea to commonwealth countries to lead on climate, and ensure a deal at Paris, reports Sky News.

The FT has profiled the Pacific Island nations in need of financial support so as not to sink under the rising seas of a changing global climate.

Climate negotiators from around the world will meet on Sunday, the day before the conference officially starts, according to Reuters.

Here’s Ruth Davis’ expert three part explainer on the Paris COP: What will happen & what are the issues & what is needed.

Meanwhile yet another major scientific body – the World Meteorological Organisation – has said that 2015 will go down as the hottest year on record, reports The Independent.

UK: Carbon budget delivered as CCS casualty in spending review

The Committee on Climate Change, the UK’s chief climate advisers, has said the country needs to cut its greenhouse gas emissions to 61% below 1990 levels by 2030, reports Carbon Brief.

The Guardian, which also covered the recommendation, leads on the CCC warning that many new insufficiently energy efficient homes will have to be retrofitted with energy saving technologies.

The news comes as George Osborne confirmed his latest round of cuts to the energy sector, including to energy efficiency and the government’s flagship £1 billion carbon capture and storage competition.

The cut to CCS, lauded by David Cameron several times previously, is seen as the death knell for the technology in the UK.

Business Green has curated responses from the green economy to Osborne’s spending review.

The major policy announcements came minutes after Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn had slammed the government for its failure on renewable energy ahead of the Paris climate talks, reports the Guardian.

Meanwhile The Telegraph reports that the UK is set to pursue small modular nuclear reactors in the 2020s, launching a £250m research package.

Asia: As China CO2 emissions stall, Japan emissions fall

Bloomberg analysis has China’s carbon emissions growing by as little as 0.24% in 2015, the slowest pace so far this century.

This is largely down to the country’s record drop in coal use this year.

The country’s climate envoy has responded to Energydesk‘s investigation into its coal bubble – in which more than 155 coal plants have been given the go ahead despite massive overcapacity – in a chat with CNN.

He insisted that China will meet its 2030 climate target, and that the country has been closing coal-fired stations at a rapid rate as well.

Japan’s CO2 emissions fell by 3% last year, its lowest point for three years (since the Fukushima nuclear disaster), reports Reuters.

Our intrepid Asia analyst Lauri Myllyvirta seems to have stumbled onto some news regarding Indonesia: Its coal output has fallen, exports have fallen and its consumption is flat.

And finally the Guardian have done a fancy interactive on the impacts of climate change on the Mekong River.

In other news

The Economist’s data team have put together a series of graphs showing the current state of the global climate